Counseling Methods for Patients with Depression
- Interpersonal Therapy
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
- Problem Solving Therapy
- Holistic Therapy
- Family Therapy
Licensed psychologists and other professionals offer different approaches when it comes to counseling for depression. Though the approaches will vary, the idea behind each one requires that the patient focuses on his or her needs before thinking about anything else. Doctors and psychologists will work with patients to help them decide which method is best for them.
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1. Interpersonal Therapy
Interpersonal therapy is one of the more common methods used by professionals today in the treatment of depression. This type of therapy focuses on the relationships that the patient has with others. In many cases, the root cause of an individual's depression relates to the connections that the person has with family and friends. The therapist will work with the patient to better understand how those relationships affect his or her well-being and what changes they can make to improve those relationships.
2. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
According to Seth J. Gillihan of Psychology Today, counseling for depression can include cognitive behavioral therapy too. Also called CBT, this therapy focuses on helping patients understand how their negative thoughts can affect their actions. They also learn how to identify situations and thoughts that can lead to another break in the future. With CBT, patients learn how to take a realistic approach to life. Instead of letting every little worry and concern make them feel sad and down, they discover how to control their negative thoughts and how to change their behaviors.
3. Problem-Solving Therapy
While depression can occur for any number of reasons, some patients suffer from the condition because they do not know how to solve the problems they encounter on a daily basis. They allow all those problems to build up over time. When their thoughts have nowhere else to go, they become depressed and have a hard time getting through the day. Problem-solving therapy focuses on the specific issues that patients have at home and at work, including problems with their friends and coworkers. The therapist teaches the patient how to look at those problems from all angles and come up with solutions.
4. Holistic Therapy
Many of the more common therapies used today in the treatment of depression require that patients attend sessions and take medications at home. Holistic therapy is a newer method that allows patients to work on their well-being without taking any prescription drugs. Therapists working in this field often praise the benefits of regular exercise and meditation. Patients can learn how to handle the problems that lead to negative thinking and the negative thoughts that change the way they act. Some patients may take over the counter supplements too.
5. Family Therapy
Though interpersonal therapy is popular with those who want to work on their connections with others, some of those patients also sign up for family sessions. This type of therapy is especially helpful in situations where the depression of one individual affects the entire family unit. A parent who suffers from depression may have a hard time caring for his or her kids and doing simple tasks such as cooking dinner or paying the bills. Family therapy allows each member of the family to talk about how those actions and thoughts impact them. Therapists show families how they can work together to help their loved ones.
Depression affects millions of people each year and causes symptoms such as insomnia and weight changes. Many people also lose interest in their favorite activities. The top methods of counseling for depression help patients recover from this condition.