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Marriage counselors help couples, married or not, deal with conflicts and issues that can arise from being involved in a romantic relationship. If you are pursuing a Bachelor's in Psychology, you may be wondering if you need to earn your Master's degree in counseling before you can become a licensed therapist in your state. The basic answer to this question is yes, but you need to understand what education is actually required for licensure in your state before you enroll in a Master's degree program. Here is your straightforward guide to understanding which path you should take to become a Marriage and Family Therapist.
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Minimum Educational Requirements to Become a Marriage Counselor
When you meet with your college counselor, you will quickly discover that you can take several different routes to make your way to the same destination. Some of these educational paths will open up new opportunities that other paths will not. On the other hand, some of the paths that you can travel will take longer to complete. This is what you need to keep in mind when you are comparing your options to become a marriage counselor.
The minimum educational requirement to apply for licensing to become a marriage and family therapist is a Master's degree. Professionals applying for licensing may possess a Master's degree in Psychology, Counseling, Family Therapy, or a related mental health field as long as the degree was obtained from an accredited facility approved by the Commission of the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy. The Commission on Accreditation will accredit all of the Master's programs and even the doctoral programs in the United States to determine which programs teach the clinical skills and academic skills necessary to counsel couples. Anyone with dreams or aspirations to become a marriage counselor will need a Master's degree at a minimum to achieve their career goals.
Determining Which Educational Path is Appropriate for You
As a student, it is your responsibility to meet with a college counselor and discuss all of your options to become a marriage counselor. While a Master's degree is the minimal requirement to apply for a license to become a marriage counselor, this is not the right path for every person. Depending on your short-term and long-term goals, it may be in a student's better interests to pursue a doctorate. It will take a graduate student about 2 to 3 years to complete a graduate program, and about 3 to 5 years to complete a doctoral program. One of the major differences between the two is that students can enter a doctoral program immediately after completing the bachelor degree program. Master's programs require on-the-job experience as a training therapist before you can actually take the MFT licensing exam.
A Master's in Counseling or a graduate-level program with a focus in psychology will satisfy licensing requirements, but you must consider what your goals in the field are before you decide which route to take. Identify which route will lead you to the best opportunities and become the marriage counselor you have dreamed of becoming in a time where demand for these therapists are high in demand.
Fulfilling the Clinical Experience Requirements
The professional experience requirements, which must be done in a clinical setting, will vary by state. It is very important to check with your state’s Board of Licensed Professional Counselors to find out how many hours of clinical supervision you need to sit for a state licensing exam. Many states require you to have between 2400 and 3000 clock hours of on-the-job experience under the supervision of a LPC. You must have face-to-face supervision for a majority of the time, and these requirements will be laid out in detail by the Board. It is important to check directly with the board for these requirements while you are still studying for a Bachelor’s degree.
Taking the National Licensure Exam
All Licensed Professional Counselors are required to sit for a national licensing exam before they are eligible to practice. You will need to schedule the date in advance, pay the testing fee, submit documentation to prove that you meet the requirements to sit for the exam, and pass the test. Once you pass the test and a background check, your license will be issued and you will officially be a Family Counselor. You can also take a certification exam through the National Board for Certified Counselors if you want a specialty certification.
There will always be a need for Licensed Professional Counselors. If you would like to enter this field, the first step is enrolling in a reputable program. Be sure to choose an accredited program acknowledged by the American Psychological Association, and you’ll be on your way to becoming a family counselor.
There are different reasons why the employment outlook for a marriage and family therapist is good. First, national legislative changes have forced insurance providers and health care organizations to expand mental health services and increase coverage options. These laws include the Affordable Care Act, the Mental Health Parity Act and the Addiction Equity Act. Second, more and more psychology students are turning to specializations and graduate-level work for better employment stability and salaries.
Third, more and more family therapists are self-employed professionals who work in private or group practices. This type of collective career shift is occurring because society, businesses and the government recognize the important benefits of therapeutic counseling from well-trained professionals. Fourth, the traditional social stigmas and negative connotations associated with therapy are weakening as more couples openly seek assistance for working out family and marital problems.
Average Annual Salary for Marriage Counselors
There are approximately 29,060 marriage and family therapists employed across the United States to treat mental and emotional disorders within the context of relational systems. In delivering their specialized services to individuals, couples, partners, and families, marriage counselors earn an average annual wage of $51,690, which is equivalent to making $24.85 per hour. While the bottom 10% in the profession earn less than $29,980 each year, the top 10% of marriage counselors with the most experience bring home more than $78,580 annually. At the highest level of the field, marriage counselors have the potential to make a top pay of up to $120,000 each year.
Salary Potential According to Practice Setting
Marriage Counselor Salaries by Location
Non-Traditional Methods of Marriage and Family Counseling
Individuals with a marriage and family therapy degree are becoming more interested in utilizing non-traditional marriage and family counseling modalities. In recent years, a growing number of people from all walks of life have become more interested in non-traditional courses of counseling for marriage and family issues. Many counselors incorporate different types of counseling options into the range of services offered to their clients.
Neuro Linguistic Psychology
Meditation and Guided Visualization
Websites for Family Therapists
Most family therapists spend a great deal of their time working directly with family members who are struggling to handle a crisis or need help improving their communication skills, but that is only part of the job. In order to be as effective as possible, they must also stay abreast of developments in the field, work to expand their knowledge base and be willing to explore new techniques. These five websites offer valuable resources for both aspiring and practicing family therapists.
- American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy: A professional association for people who work or hope to launch careers in the field of marriage and family therapy, the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy has more than 50,000 members in the United States, Canada and various other countries. Its website offers members of the public information about family therapy and tools for locating a therapist. Professionals will find educational and professional development resources, licensing and accreditation information, and postings regarding job prospects. Networking opportunities and chances to engage with professional peers are also available.
- GoodTherapy.org: Launched in 2007 by Noah Rubinstein, a licensed marriage and family therapist, GoodTherapy.org is one of the internet’s top therapist directories. Its approach is twofold, and the website reflects this duality. For the layman, it offers useful information on healthy psychotherapy practices. For therapists, it provides data regarding training programs and offers a surprisingly varied assortment of links to professional resources. Membership is open to both students and professionals, and it comes with several benefits, including access to online continuing education courses and marketing webinars for therapists and counselors. Qualified members can also pursue the possibility of client referrals.
- American Psychological Association: The American Psychological Association is the world’s largest association of psychologists with more than 117,000 members, so it is unsurprising that its website offers tons of handy resources to therapists in a variety of fields, including family therapists. Visitors to the website will discover basic information on a wide range of psychology topics, links to applicable publications and databases, reports about news and events, and information on funding, conducting and publishing research. There is also a code of ethics for professionals working in the field and a career board designed to help employers and job seekers make professional connections.
- The National Council on Family Relations: A leading professional association for those interested in a multidisciplinary approach to understanding families, the National Council on Family Relations was founded in 1938. Today, its membership includes professionals from more than 35 countries, and its website offers a plethora of resources. There are several publications to explore and links to professional resources, including continuing education opportunities and job boards. Visitors will also be able to read about events and happenings in the field and explore information about the council’s Certified Family Life Educator program.
- Therapist Aid: Therapist Aid is an excellent place for mental health professionals to find useful tools. The website offers free worksheets, guides and videos on an extensive array of topics that were specifically designed for therapists to use with their patients. Visitors to the website will also find scores of free articles that discuss a wide range of mental health topics. In addition, there are listings for relevant books and games, which are available for purchase. Professionals hunting for resources to utilize in their practice can sort the site’s offerings by type of material, the demographic it is intended for or the topic it covers.